Success of the Left
in Latin America

Untainted Parties,

Market Reforms,

and Voting Behavior

Kellogg Institute Series on Democracy and Development - 1st Edition

About Author

Rosario Queirolo is Associate Professor in the Department of Social and Political Sciences at the Universidad Católica del Uruguay, and serves as Director of the Office of Academic Research and Production at the same university. Her main area of research is comparative politics, with an emphasis on voting behavior and public opinion studies in Latin America. Queirolo earned her Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Pittsburgh. She also holds a Masters in Political Science in Latin America from the University of Andalusia (Spain), and BAs in Political Science from the Universidad Católica del Uruguay and in Sociology from the Universidad de la República in Uruguay.

About Book

Why, since the beginning of the twenty-first century, have so many Latin American countries elected governments identifying themselves with the ideological Left? In The Success of the Left in Latin America: Untainted Parties, Market Reforms, and Voting Behavior, Rosario Queirolo argues that the “pink tide” that swept across Latin America beginning in the late 1990s―with the election of a growing number of leftist political candidates to public office―was caused by the intent of voters to punish political parties unable to improve the economic well-being of their electorates.

She argues that Latin Americans vote based on performance, ousting those whom they perceive as responsible for economic downturns, and ushering into power those in the “untainted opposition,” which has been the Left in most Latin American countries. Queirolo argues that the effects of neoliberal economic reforms did not produce more votes for political parties on the Left. Rather, the key variable is unemployment.

Left-leaning parties in Latin America increase their electoral chances when unemployment is high. In addition to explaining recent electoral successes of leftist parties, The Success of the Left in Latin America also undermines a dominant scholarly view of Latin Americans as random and unpredictable voters by showing how the electorate at the polls holds politicians accountable.

"Rosario Queirolo's The Success of the Left in Latin America: Untainted Parties, Market Reforms, and Voting Behavior makes a valuable contribution to the study of Latin American politics and of comparative politics more generally. Queirolo makes a compelling argument that the general shift to the Left in Latin America was less a straightforward protest against neoliberal policies but more strongly a reaction to negative economic performance. Enriched with extensive survey data, her book is authoritative and persuasive." ―Elizabeth J. Zechmeister, Vanderbilt University

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